Environment - Energy - Climate Change
ESP3 aims at supporting environmental management, energy management, and natural resource management in local communities. It is assumed that there are areas within these fields where Danish support will make a difference and where local resources are not readily available. The most important value of the support is not monetary, but rather know-how within technical and managerial fields. The monetary contribution is merely enabling this transfer, adoption, and adaptation of know-how. Identification, analyses, presentation, and dissemination of complex multi-sector and multi-stakeholder information can probably be coined as the core of the programme.
Within environmental management, grouped into a Component 1, the support targets the capability of the Ministry of Environment to fulfil their role as implementing, promoting, and coordinating environmental concerns in various sectors. This translates into support to improve the planning and monitoring in KLH, support to improve the most important standard operating procedures (SOP), and implementation of SEA’s based on the substantial capacity building initiated in the previous programme phase. The support is hence well aligned with existing GoI PPP’s (Policies, Programmes, Plans) and may allow the programme to exercise tangible positive influence on a complex process that is necessary to implement. At the provincial level the support also targets the capabilities of the local government environmental agencies. At these levels this translates into support for a range of SEAs, improving the management of environmental data in the province and undertaking a range of (locally identified) pilot projects of environmental improvements.
Component 2 targets the energy management and does to a large degree follow through on activities initiated during the ESP2. This includes efforts to make the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Clearing House (EECCH) sustainable, and assist in establishing a new combined Cleraing House with the Directorate for New and Renewable Energy and the Directorate for Bioenergy, and support the MEMR’s capability to promote a more efficient use of traditional and renewable energy. National level activities are closely related to provincial activities, and feedback from the implemented pilot activities in Central java is an important element also of the national level activities.
At the local government level, activities focus on implementing regional plans to mitigate and adapt to greenhouse gas emissions. As with Component 1, they include a range of pilot projects to be identified at the local level, all with strong components of capacity building and the sharing of lessons-learned.
Component 3 is bundling together five distinct sub-projects which all in one way or another are related to improved local natural resource management (NRM). The sub-projects are administered by non-governmental organisations and implemented either in direct cooperation with or under the coordination of Ministry of National Development Planning and Ministry of Forestry. Component 3 covers the following sub-projects:
- Danida Support to Harapan Rainforest implemented by Burung Indonesia
- Locally Appropriate Mitigation Actions implemented by World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
- REDD+ Support Facility implemented by the World Bank
- Large Scale FSC certification in Indonesia implemented by the Borneo Initiative
- Support to Indonesia Forest Investment Programme implemented by the World Bank.
For the whole programme, green growth and climate change mitigation and adaptation is the overarching framework or common denominator. This is in components 1 and 2 translated into various ways of relating, contributing and reporting to the action plans for climate change mitigation and adaptation on both national (RAN-GRK/API) and local (RAD-GRK/API) levels.